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It is also the state animal of Manipur. Manipur State Forest Department has decided to translocate a section of critically endangered species of Brow Antlered (Sangai) deer with an aim to save it from extinction. By nature, the deer, particularly the males, even when running for its life stops occasionally and looks back as if he is waiting for someone and hence the name. Apart from India, the animal is also found in Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam. Sangai is the state animal of Manipur and has been listed as an endangered species by the IUCN. Sangai starts grazing usually early morning approximately 4:30 am and generally continue up to 8:00 am. At night some of them even rest on the hillocks. The result—the biomass are losing weight and getting thinner by the year. Secondly, poachers are out there to trap and slay the deer at the slightest opportunity. The deer feed on several types of vegetation that grow on the phumdi. The slaying of the sangai, an unpardonable sin, is conceived as the rude breaking up of the cordial relationship between humans and the nature. Its IUCN status: Endangered. The Sangai, scientifically the Rucervus eldii eldii, is found only in Manipur. Panolia eldii eldi: The Manipuri brow-antlered deer is found in Manipur, India. In the evening it starts at 3:00 pm and continue up to 6:00 pm. An animal found only in Manipur is the Sangai. A member of a subspecies of brown-antlered deer found in Manipur in India. The park covers an area of 40 km2 and the home range of the deer in the park is confined to 15–20 km2. Mammalian Fauna: Many of the species of animals found in Manipur are endemic, foremost among them being the Sangai or the Brow Antlered Deer, Cervus Eldi Eldi, which in its unique Wetland ecosystem is restricted to Manipur only. This deer lived only in Phumdi ( Heterogeneous organic waste ) as I mention Phumdi in earlier post. Sangai deer is an Indian unique species RG June January 23, 2021 Wildlife , 0 Comments Indian unique Species Sangai deer species is unique to India as it is found only in Indian sub continent. The park which was initially declared as a Sanctuary in 1966 and later in 1977 it was declared as National Park through a gazette notification. The number of deer listed in the Red Data Book was only 14 in 1975. The sangai is an endemic and endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. The heartbroken hero released the deer free in the wild of Keibul Lamjao. The length of the body from the base to the ear up to the tail is about 145 to 155 cm in both sexes. However, as fate would have it, he found his beloved married to the king on his return. During day time it rests under thick and tall reeds and grasses. Identified as one of the rarest animal species in the entire world, the sangai is the apple of the eye for the people. The number of endangered deer sangai found in Manipur has increased from 204 in 2013 to 260, according to the latest census conducted in March 2016 jointly by Wildfire Wing, Forest department, State government, Manipur University and Wildfire Institute of India.[7]. In the lean season, when the water level reduces, the biomass come into contact with the lake bed and they secure the required nutrient from there. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T4265A22166803.en, http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/sangai-population-up/article8597905.ece, E-Pao.net - A Cry in the Wilderness - Salam Rajesh, https://archive.is/20041116135913/http://www.wii.gov.in/publications/newsletter/autumn2003/fromthewild.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sangai&oldid=1004429842, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 February 2021, at 15:20. Once it was found across the Manipur Valley in abundant now only its remaining natural habitat is found in Keibul Lamjao National Park. It is also the state animal of Manipur. Sangai feed on a variety of water living plants, grasses, herbaceous plants, and shoots. This Deer is the state animal of Manipur and the pride of Manipur. are the favorite food plants of sangai. sangai (plural sangais) . It meant humans are now aiding the process of annihilating the habitat area, supplementing to the rapid degeneration of the habitat. It is listed as an critically endangered species by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Endemic species found only in Manipur, India. Firstly, its habitat is steadily degenerating by reason of continuous inundation and flooding by high water caused as the result of artificial reservoir of the National Hydroelectric Power Corporation Loktak. Sangai is Schedule – I animal, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Endangered (EN) by the IUCN. The researchers carried out hydrothermal liquefaction and pyrolysis of biomass mixture of water hyacinth and para grass at 260-280 °C and 300-450 °C to compare the products yield and chemical characteristics of the products. Males compete with each other to gain control of a harem of females that they can then mate with. Sangai Deer: The sangai is an endemic and endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. It is called sangai in Meitei. Pumlen Pat was chosen for translocation as it is also a floating biomass (phumdi) and comprises of small hillocks which will provide natural habitat for this deer species. Feeding behavior of sangai can be easily seen over new shoots on freshly cut fire line area. Its common English name is Manipur Brow-antlered Deer and the scientific name, Rucervus eldii eldii [1] McClelland. Sangai Deer (Rucervus eldii) also called the Dancing Deer is the state animal of Manipur. It lives in the marshy wetland in Keibul Lamjao about 45 km from Imphal. It is known around the world for its unique composition which is made up of biomass vegetation (locally called phumdis) that floats on the surface of the lake. After a 220- to 240-day-long gestation period, normally a single calf is born. After feeding it takes rest. Its thickness varies from few centimeter to two meters. The floating marshy grasslands of the Keibul Lamjao National Park is its only natural habitat. This signifies its name, brow-antlered deer, the forward protruding beam appears to come out from the eyebrow. [1] Its original natural habitat is the floating marshy grasslands of the Keibul Lamjao National Park, located in the southern parts of the Loktak Lake, which is the largest freshwater lake in eastern India. Sangai Deer is a medium-sized deer with distinctive antlers. Sangai Deer (Rucervus eldii) also called the Dancing Deer is the state animal of Manipur. Sangai Deer is found only in Keibul Lamjao National Park in Manipur. Socially, the sangai is the symbol of a prized possession of the state. According to a Manipuri folklore, a legendary hero Kadeng Thangjahanba of Moirang once captured a gravid sangai from Torbung Lamjao for a gift to his beloved Tonu Laijinglembi during an animal hunting expedition. Sangai deer at Loktak lake in Manipur. endangered Sangai deer found in Manipur has increased from 204 in 2013 to 260, according to the census conducted in March 2016 jointly by Wildlife Wing, Forest department, State government, Manipur University and Wildlife Institute of India [5]. The vegetation also provides shelter to the deer and other wildlife in the park. The brow-antlered deer is a medium-sized deer, with uniquely distinctive antlers, measuring 100–110 cm. The beams are unbranched initially whereas curvature increases as length increases and they get forked also. Phumdi or floating meadow is the most important and unique part of the habitat of Sangai. What is happening now, according to local scientists who are studying the phenomena, is that with continuous high water in the lake throughout the year much of this process of 'feeding' on the nutrient in the lakebed had discontinued. It is only floating national park in the world. The two tines form a continuous curve at right angles to the closely set pedicels. The life-cycle of the phumdi involves floating on the water surface during season of high water as in the monsoons. Sources: pib. The deer is endemic to Keibul Lamjao National Park (KLNP) will be translocated to Pumlen Pat which is close existing habitat to Loktak. The sangai faces a two-pronged danger to its life. About Sangai deer. Its common English name is Manipur brow-antlered deer or Eld's deer and the scientific name is Rucervus eldii eldii. Lion Tailed Macaque, Western Ghats. They feed on the Phumdis. in length with extremely long brow tine, which form the main beam. Sangai Deer, Loktak Lake. In 1977, it was declared a 'National Park.' The Sangai is an endemic, rare and endangered Brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. It is believed that the name sangai (sa "animal" and ngai "in awaiting") was coined from its peculiar posture and behaviour while running. Wildlife found in Manipur. From that time onwards the place became the home of sangai.[6]. We have been providing you the best and ancients method of traditional products with the lowest price in the online shopping market. In 1983 the 103 megawatt capacity National Hydroelectric Power Corporation Loktak was commissioned with the objective of ensuring rapid development in the State. Conservation efforts have helped in reviving the population of the deer to 204 in 2013 from less than 100 in 2008. English [] Etymology []. A maximum high water level of 168.5 meters (553 ft) above mean sea level (MSL)is maintained in the Loktak Lake to feed the reservoir for the hydel project. This is another potential danger to the sangai habitat. SANGAI: The Sangai is an endemic, rare and endangered Brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. The Keibul Lamjao park is a marshy wetland located at the south parts of the Loktak Lake. The film The Return of Sangai (Manipuri film Sangai Hallakpa ) made by the Manipur Forest Department[3] is about the Sangai and Keibul Lamjao National Park. This high water level had wreaked havoc in the Keibul Lamjao National Park. In the sangai, therefore, humans find a way of expressing their love for the nature. It spelled out very clearly that the beginning of the end of the sangai habitat had begun. On cloudy morning the period may extend to 10:00 am. Once it was found across the Manipur Valley in abundant now only its remaining natural habitat is found in Keibul Lamjao National Park. Conservation efforts have helped in reviving the … It lives in the marshy wetland in Keibul Lamjao about 45 km from Imphal. The height and weight of a fully grown stag may be approximately 115–125 cm at shoulder and 95 to 110 kg (210 to 230 lb) respectively. It is listed as an critically endangered species by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The other two related species have been reported from Myanmar and Thailand. The National Park is a wetland located in the southern part of Lake Loktak. Talk of Manipur, and one of the first things to introduce the state is the sangai, other than polo, its classical dance, sports and films. It lives in the marshy wetland in Keibul Lamjao about 45 km from Imphal. The sangai is the state animal of Manipur. Its common English name is Manipur Brow-antlered Deer and the scientific name, Cervus eldi eldi McClelland. Its common English name is Manipur Brow-antlered Deer and the scientific name, Rucervus eldi eldi. The sangai is endemic to Manipur state, lives in the marshy wetland of the Loktak Lake,one of the seven Ramsar sites in India. Sangai also called as brow antlered deer is endemic and endangered species of deer, found only in Keibul Lamjao National Park of Manipur. Culturally, the sangai finds itself imbedded deep into the legends and folklore of the Manipuris. The sangai has a maximum lifespan in the wild of around 10 years.[5]. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Phumdi is the most important and unique part of Sangai’s habitat. This deer is also known as brow antlered deer. It floats with 4/5 part under water.[4]. The Sangai or the dancing deer is found naturally only on the floating biomass of the Keibul Lamjao National Park. Sangai Deer: Importance of Conservation • Manipur’s Sangai or Eld deer is named after Lieutenant Percy Eld a British officer in 1844 • It was first discovered in Manipur in 1839 • It was reported as extinct in 1951; however, it was discovered in KNLP park by environmentalist and photographer E. P Gee The deer epitomizes grace, rarity and quality. The height and weight of the female are shorter and less as compared to the male counterpart. The sangai is an endemic and endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. KLNP is a floating biomass in Manipur’s Loktak Lake. The festival takes its name from the state’s unique, shy and gentle brow-antlered, Sangai deer or the dancing deer. The antlers of the opposite sides are unsymmetrical with respect to each other. 204 brow-antlered deer found in Manipur 28 Jun, 2013, 04.16 PM IST The number of the endangered brow-antlered deer stands at 204 in its lone habitat in Manipur's Keibul Lamjao National Park. The sangai was believed to be almost extinct by 1950. Zizania latifolia, Saccharum munja, S. bengalensis, Erianthus procerus, E. ravernnae, etc. In another folklore of Manipur, a prince called Pudangkoi of Luwang clan had, by the grace of a divine entity, transformed himself into a deer which has later on called sangai. The young are weaned at 7 months of age, and becomes sexually mature from 18 months of age onwards. When humans love and respect the sangai, it is respecting nature. Sangai/Brow-Antlered Deer – Only Eld’s Deer in India The state animal of Manipur, Sangai is rare and endangered brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur. The brow-antlered deer or the dancing deer is found in its natural habitat only at Keibul Lamjao National Park over the floating biomass locally called "phumdi" in the south eastern part of Loktak Lake. Eldi McClelland the lowest price in the Keibul Lamjao National Park. by. Book was only 14 in 1975 water surface during season of high water as in Park... 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