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The Louie B. Nunn Cumberland Parkway is a 92-mile-long (148 km) east–west controlled-access highway in the U.S. state of Kentucky, extending from Barren County in the west to Somerset in the east. It is a world of darkness, with fantastic dripstone formations and strange animals who have adapted to the cave environment. List of mountain passes in the Appalachian Mountains, "Geology of Cumberland Gap National Historical Park", "Cumberland Gap National Historical Park", "Profile for Cumberland Gap National Historical Park", "Impact at Cumberland Gap: Where Natural and National History Collide", National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form: Cumberland Gap Historic District - Virginia/Kentucky/Tennessee, "Plants: Cumberland Gap National Historical Park", "Animals: Cumberland Gap National Historical Park", Magoffin County Pioneer Village and Museum, Bat Cave and Cascade Caverns State Nature Preserves, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cumberland_Gap&oldid=994082213, Rail mountain passes of the United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Indians used Cumberland Gap as a gateway through the mountains before the arrival of the white man. For other uses, see, Narrow pass through the Cumberland Mountains. In September of that year, Confederate States Army forces under Edmund Kirby Smith occupied the gap during General Braxton Bragg's Kentucky Invasion. Review of Cumberland Gap National Historical Park Reviewed July 25, 2012 Went to the pinnacle overlook-it was amazing and beautiful, but I am terrified of heights and was a little scared. Cumberland Gap is situated on the Kentucky-Virginia boundary approximately one-quarter mile north of the point where Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee meet. From the new album POOR DAVID'S ALMANACK, out now on Acony Records. Tour Hensley Settlement and experience what life was like in a 20th century mountain community. It was renamed Cumberland in 1926. The Cumberland Gap is one of many passes in the Appalachian Mountains but the only one in the continuous Cumberland Mountain ridgeline. All food must be properly stored in a vehicle when not in use and garbage must be properly stored or … It is famous in American colonial history for its role as a key passageway through the lower central Appalachians. The base of the gap is about 300 feet (91 m) above the valley floor, even though the north side of the pass was lowered 20 feet (6.1 m) during the construction of Old U.S. Route 25E. Visitors traveling on Interstate 75 in Tennesseee should exit on Highway 63 at Jacksboro/Lafollette. You can go to the overlook up on the mountain, they have a nice vistitors center. Middlesboro ARH Hospital and Wilderness Road State Park are also within 9 mi (15 km). Cumberland was settled in 1826 and named Poor Fork. For additional park information, please visit the NPS web site. Resistance on the fault from the opposing Cumberland Mountain to Pine Mountain caused the U-shaped structure of the Middlesboro Syncline. The Cumberland Gap is a pass through the long ridge of the Cumberland Mountains, within the Appalachian Mountains, near the junction of the U.S. states of Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee. Cumberland Gap Tourism: Tripadvisor has 553 reviews of Cumberland Gap Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Cumberland Gap resource. The Cumberland Gap National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park located at the border between Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia, centered on the Cumberland Gap, a natural break in the Appalachian Mountains.. Shatter cones, a rock-shattering pattern naturally formed only during impact events, are found in abundance in the area. Middlesboro, KY Visitors traveling on Interstate 75 in Kentucky should exit on 25E at Corbin. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. Of all the beautiful areas in Cumberland Gap National Historical Park, the Hensley Settlement is one of the most beloved destinations for staff and visitors alike. Probably an hour from Knoxville. Tours of the historic Hensley Settlement are offered from May through October. The path was used by a team of frontiersmen led by Daniel Boone, making it accessible to pioneers who used it to journey into the western frontiers of Kentucky and Tennessee. In Cumberland Gap, most buildings are single detached homes, and the remaining dwellings are mainly mobile homes. In 1750 Dr. Thomas Walker discover Cumberland Gap while searching for a settlement area. In June 1862, Union Army General George W. Morgan captured the gap for the Union. Discover rich history, spectacular overlooks, unique rock formations, cascading waterfalls, and an extensive trail system in Cumberland Gap National Historical Park's 24,000 acres. First Name. 1501 Hwy 25 E Middlesboro, KY 40965 606-268-2855 Text Us Now Text us × Close. [3], The V-shaped gap serves as a gateway to the west. [9] The explorer Thomas Walker gave the name to the Cumberland River in 1750, and the name soon spread to many other features in the region, such as the Cumberland Gap. The park lies in parts of Bell and Harlan counties in Kentucky, Claiborne County in Tennessee, and Lee County in Virginia. But Martin and his men were chased out of the area by Native Americans, and Martin did not return until 1775.[10]. On his arrival, Boone discovered that Martin had already arrived in Powell Valley, where Martin and his men were clearing land for their own settlement – the westernmost settlement in English colonial America at the time. Last-minute getaway? (Romance Novel), This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 00:58. To the south, the ridge rises 600 feet (180 m) above the pass, while to the north the Pinnacle Overlook towers 900 feet (270 m) above (elevation 2,505 feet (764 m)). Complete information on tourist attractions and parks for Cumberland Gap, Kentucky, including popular family and vacation destinations and state and local parks and recreation areas. The gap has been mentioned in many other songs, including: ”Tennessee Moon” by Norah Hess features a fictionalization of the Cumberland Gap post-Civil War as the main setting. Things to know when planning a trip to Cumberland Gap NHP. [11] By the 1790s, the trail that Boone and his men built had been widened to accommodate wagon traffic and became known as the Wilderness Road. Courtesy of the Kentucky Historical Society. [7], The passage created by Cumberland Gap was well traveled by Native Americans long before the arrival of European-American settlers. The earliest written account of Cumberland Gap dates to the 1670s, by Abraham Wood of Virginia. [2] In 1966 Robert Dietz discovered shatter cones in nearby sandstone, proving recent speculation. (Cumberland Gap National Historical Park was founded in 1959.) In 1775 Daniel Boone, hired by the Transylvania Company, arrived in the region leading a company of men to widen the path through the gap to make settlement of Kentucky and Tennessee easier. It is famous in American colonial history for its role as a key passageway through the lower central Appalachians. It was an important part of the Wilderness Road and is now part of the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. It remained isolated until the coal mining boom of the 1900s when railroads connected it with surrounding towns. Cumberland is a city in Harlan County, Kentucky, United States. [16] Over 120 species of birds have been logged in the park on the website eBird. Courtesy of Randell Jones, www.danielboonefootsteps.com States Cornerstone: This cornerstone marks the location at Cumberland Gap where Kentucky, Tenneseee, and Virginia meet. The once flat-lying sedimentary rocks were deformed roughly 40 degrees northwest. Park ranger with visitors in Gap Cave Explore a hidden world found underground- inside the mountains! Special mining techniques must be used in the complicated strata of this crater. Ranger led tours of Gap Cave are offered throughout the year. Nonprofit MEMBER of Cumberland Gap Region Tourism Association. Explore camper reviews and photos of the campgrounds in Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. 91 Bartlett Park Road Several American Civil War engagements occurred in and around the Cumberland Gap and are known as the Battle of the Cumberland Gap. The stories of early pioneers and settlers, Civil War Soldiers, and mountain communities come alive when visiting the numerous historic buildings and structures found in the park. [5], Without the Rocky Face Fault, it would have been difficult for pack-horses to navigate this gap and the gap in Pine Mountain near Pineville, and it would be improbable that wagon roads would have been constructed at an early date. It is one of seven named highways designated in Kentucky's parkway system. One of the best kept secrets if you're never heard of the Cumberland Gap. Visitors to the park can expect to see gray squirrels, white-tailed deer, cottontail rabbits, songbirds, hawks, snakes, turtles, and perhaps black bear or bobcat. [6] Detailed mapping by geologists in the 1960s led many to interpret the geological features of the area to be the site of an ancient impact. It's not as big as the GSMNP nor does it get anywhere as crowded. The nearby town of Cumberland Gap, in Tennessee, is named after the gap. Bears are active in Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. [13], The gap and associated historic resources were listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a historic district on May 28, 1980. The Cumberland Gap Tunnel is a tunnel that carries U.S. Route 25E under Cumberland Gap National Historical Park near the intersection of Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia.According to United States Geological Survey maps of the area, the tunnel does not enter Virginia. Today 18,000 cars pass beneath the site daily, and 1.2 million people visit the park on the site annually. They will also be having Open House all day from 10 to 7 p.m., serving refreshments and a door prize drawing of a gift certificate. Situated in Cumberland Gap, this bed & breakfast is 0.7 mi (1.1 km) from Cumberland Gap National Historical Park and within 6 mi (10 km) of Middlesboro Mall and Bell County Historical Society Museum. If … Less than 300 million years ago a meteorite, "approximately the size of a football field", struck the earth, creating the Middlesboro Crater. Background. Use our easy Lodging Search to find exactly the type of accommodation you are … Searchable listings of Cumberland Gap hotels, motels, resorts, bed & breakfast, and more. Little Congress Bicycle Museum 807 Llewellyn St Cumberland Gap, TN 37724 P:423-869-9993 bicyclemuseum.net The Confederates held a long line of fortifications across Kentucky, Tennessee and into Missouri under Albert Sidney Johnston.The center of Johnston's defenses was Bowling Green, KY with the left flank anchored at Island No. Discover rich history, spectacular overlooks, unique rock formations, cascading waterfalls, and an extensive trail system in Cumberland Gap National Historical Park's 24,000 acres. The museum was established June 18th 2003 and is located in famous Cumberland Gap, TN, where the borders of Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia come together. In September 2003, the site was designated a Distinguished Geologic Site by the Kentucky Society of Professional Geologists. The presence of shatter cones found also helped confirm the origin of impact. [15], Of the 371 species of animals listed so far within the park, 33 are mammals, 89 are birds, 29 amphibians, 15 reptiles, 27 fish, and 187 are insects, however many others remain to be included. The following year, in a bloodless engagement in September 1863, Union Army troops under General Ambrose Burnside forced the surrender of 2,300 Confederates defending the gap, gaining Union control of the gap for the remainder of the war. It is located near the point where Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee meet between Middlesboro, Kentucky, and the town of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. In 1769 Joseph Martin built a fort nearby at present-day Rose Hill, Virginia, on behalf of Walker's land claimants. The Cumberland Gap is a passageway running through Cumberland Mountain at the Virginia-Kentucky border. The Cumberland Gap Inn has the best view of the Smoky Mountains in town—and it should, because it’s smack in the middle of the Cumberland Gap National Park. Cumberland Gap National Park has a lot to offer: rich history, spectacular scenery, impressive vistas, unique geologic sandstone formations, magnificent underground caverns, and abundant and diverse plant and animal life. This combination of natural geological processes created ideal conditions for weathering and erosion of the rocks. The park features many hiking trails. Cumberland Gap National Historical Park Visitor Center is located on U.S. Highway 25E just south of Middlesboro, Kentucky. The population was 204 at the 2000 census. 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