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campus violence research

The purpose of crime mapping studies is to help researchers, officers, and universities to have a better understanding of the crimes themselves, the patterns they follow, and the location of crime “hot spots,” and better identify individuals that are more likely to commit an offense or to be at risk of victimization (Nobles, Fox, Khey, and Lizotte 1152). Fisher, Bonnie, and John J. Sloan. The social context of campus crime includes research efforts in such areas as developing better measures of its extent and nature, identifying its major correlates, and exploring its spatial distribution. “Community and Campus Crime: A Geospatial Examination of the Clery Act.” Crime & Delinquency, vol. These stories portray women as vindictive, conniving, and untrustworthy. Violence and crimes on college and university campuses are serious problems in the United States, which have prompted implementation of a variety of policies and programs to deter violence on campus. This study will address previous research, but will also investigate the history of campus violence in universities in the United States and its evolution along with an investigation into the impact of juvenile delinquency on campus violence. 59, no. The first legislation, requiring postsecondary institutions to report crimes to campus police and other authorities annually, was the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security, in 1998, which is later known as the Clery Act (Fisher and Sloan 33). Research on gender-based violence against women Work done, work emerging and work needed – a view from my experience Prof. Dr. Carol Hagemann- White Universität Osnabrück, Germany UNESCO, Paris, November 2011 . 24, No. It is even more severe in the case of media coverage. It is shown in many studies that college students, especially those that live in “wet” communities, filled with bars, liquor stores, and other alcohol outlets, have greater use of alcohol and other drugs than other youths in society (Fisher and Sloan 185-86). Keywords: sexual, assault, harassment, violence, sex discrimination, education, college, university, campus, Suggested Citation: There is considerable evidence that students’ exposure to violence is associated with both antisocial behavior and psychological trauma, such as depression, anxiety, anger, post-traumatic stress, and can lead to violent behavior (Flannery and Quinn-Leering 839-855). Over the years, campus violence has experienced substantial change and is defined by various implications, in terms of legal, social, and security context. 839-855. Though numerous measures have been undertaken to prevent and decrease the rate of modern campus crimes, such efforts failed to recognize the importance of crime-mapping research and self-defense program; the implementation of these programs should be advocated for to inform and protect college students. The most common, cyberstalking involves the “active use of the web and other internet communication portals, such as Facebook, Myspace, Twitter, and online dating sites,” (Dekeseredy 335). 2016-12-29 08:35 Global Times Editor: Li Yan ECNS App Download. 35, pp. As a continually developing country, technological advancement and the creation of campus police force also influence the characteristic of campus violence, both positively and negatively. The recent documentary Sex for Grades highlights how insidious these violations are and their costs for victims attending Nigerian and Ghanaian universities. Nobles, Matt R., Kathleen A. 10, 2010, pp. The stakeholders have the rights to be informed and told the truth and the right to not be injured. Accessed 16 March 2017. School Violence Research Topics List School Violence Cases. The social implications of campus violence have always been linked towards the conceptions of early forms of sexism and gender stratification and the use of drugs and alcohol on campus. 15, no. More than 25 students were left injured (Almond, 2008). Efforts put toward educating faculty, staffs, administrators, and students about campus violence and prevention, and raising awareness of the concurrent issue, have also been exerted and come in the form of existing courses in universities, including the fields of “sociology, psychology, criminology, and women’s studies” (Roark 369). Free essay samples, research paper examples and academic writing tips for students. Socialization and sex role stereotypes have altered modern rape culture of colleges and universities. After accomplishing the mission, he turned the gun to himself and blew his head off. Accessed 16 March 2017, Mohammad, Alex, and Stacie Faulk. After all, students have the right to be informed about the safety and conditions of the campus. Programs that include researchers to analyze crime patterns and behaviors should be established and run by a governmental agency at the local level. College Campus Violence: Origins, Impacts, and Responses Paul E. Pezza13 and Ann Bellotti2 The typical college campus community is potentially hazardous to the health and, well-being of its members. 2016, http://universe.byu.edu/2016/03/08/technicalities-and-under-reporting-obscure-byu-campus-crime-reporting1/. Find more violence related essays and term papers here. They set up remedial programs and supportive services that target post-trauma counseling, protection, medical care, etc., to help relieve the consequences and effects those violent events have on the students (Roark 369). Since March, about four women were charged for the murder of other female students. Knowing self-defense can help victims delay the happenings of the crimes while buying them more time to contact the police, which will increase the chance of safely walking away from the crimes. Journal of College and University Law, Vol. Among all violent crime against college students from 1995 through 2002, 93 percent of incidents took place off campus. The project’s research is built on “radical listening,” said Wagman, and the belief that students are the best solvers of the campus sexual violence issue. Not only that, campus crimes associated with college and university students were neither reported to authorities nor were they disclosed to outsiders by institutions (Mohammad and Faulk). “Most programs for and responses to campus-based sexual assault and dating violence have been designed and are led by university and senior administrators,” said Wagman. Posted: 18 Aug 2009 Thailand's ongoing anti-establishment protests, that have drawn tens of thousands to its streets, are prompting intense debate … “By not including all students living off-campus in their crime reports,” university is only portraying “a small portion of the crimes in an area where a large percentage of students live” (Mohammad and Faulk), which makes it difficult to track and model accurate crime patterns and behaviors. A decrease in campus violence will affect the campus population positively in numerous ways. Last revised: 28 Oct 2015. A better enforcement of the Clery Act is needed and universities must be required to disclose and report any crimes involving their students, whether they happen on campus or off-campus. It concludes that understanding peer sexual violence and applying that understanding to less common forms of campus violence may help us to prevent and understand what the proper responses should be to both forms of violence. 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