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justification for compressed work schedule

A lot has been made about the productivity benefits of the four day workweek—either in the form of a 32 hour week, or a 40 hour week. If you are using assistive technology to view web content, please ensure your settings allow for the page content to update after initial load (this is sometimes called "forms mode"). 6130). ... to work a compressed workweek for at least part of the year, this percentage dropped to 10% for employers who would allow all or most of their employees to do so. Start and stop times are clearly defined and leave must be taken if work is not accomplished during this period. Except as provided in subsection (b), each flexible or compressed work schedule established by any agency under the Federal Employees Flexible and Compressed Work Schedules Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. An agency may implement for its employees an alternative work schedule (AWS) instead of traditional fixed work schedules (e.g., 8 hours per day, 40 hours per week). Have questions? Staff members working compressed work weeks have more time outside of work to take care of personal responsibilities; as a result they can be more focused on the tasks at hand during their scheduled work time. (2) 9-Month Work Schedule. In an op-ed for the New York Times, Basecamp founder Jason Fried acknowledges that “better work gets done in four days than in five.” This is the justification behind his company’s May to October 32-hour, 4-day workweek. 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The basic work requirement of a compressed work schedule is the number of hours, excluding overtime hours, an employee is required to work or to account for by charging leave or otherwise: 1. Business hours can be extended through the flex-time and compressed workweek options. 6127(b)(1)). Employees save money by having a reduced consumption of commuting time and fuel costs. After assessing the situation with his supervisor, they agreed that a compressed work schedule could be beneficial for him. A compressed schedule involves longer but fewer work days, so that you can complete a full 80 hours during each biweekly pay period in less than 10 work days. The longer workday may be physically and mentally draining. Typical Compressed Work schedules are: 1. This option is more easily applied to non-exempt (bi-weekly paid) staff for whom maximum work hours are identified, but it is not ruled out for monthly paid staff who may work more than 40 hours during the work week. A full-time employee is required to work 80 hours in a biweekly pay period. he most colmon compressed work schedule found among 33 non-Federal organizations contacted by GO was the 4-day, 40-hcur wcrkweek. Credit hours are not permitted under a CWS program. This is popular with staff members who want some flexibility in their schedule and do not mind extra time built into the beginning or end of the work day, but do not want the long days compressed work week require. It may not be paid for periods of nonwork, including leave, holidays, and excused absence. 2. How to Write an Alternative Work Schedule Proposal. Also, given AWS schedules for bargaining unit Holiday premium pay (equal to 100 percent of the rate of basic pay) is paid for nonovertime hours of work that fall within the hours regularly scheduled on the holiday. Alternate Work Schedules for Registered Nurses. (ii) Part-time and WAE (Intermittent) employees do NOT have the option of working the 5-4/9 work schedule and may only work a maximum of 8 hours per day. Others will have a compressed workweek that enables them to work four, 10-hour days instead of five, 8-hour days. According to the FLSA, all non-exempt staff members who work in excess of 40 hours in a standard workweek or 80 hours in a pay period are eligible for overtime pay. Alternative work schedules may make this … “Compressed” work schedules are extended work days over a compressed number of days in the respective work week period. EXAMPLES CONTINUED Common Compressed Work Schedules for traditional 35-40 hour work weeks are: 4/8.75 Four 8.75-hour days (35 hours) 4/10 Four 10-hour days (40 hours) 4/varied Three 10 hour days, One 7.5 hour day (37.5 hours) Another popular option is a 9 day/two week work arrangement, which allows for two weeks of work Comptroller General Opinions: B-217080, June 6, 1985; B-229473, October 7, 1988; and B-245772, May 7, 1992. A work schedule composed of "core time" (e.g., 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.) when employees are required to be at work and additional regularly- Team 1 works Monday to Thursday while Team 2 works Tuesday to Friday. For example, a full-time employee could work four 10-hour days instead of five 8-hour days. 2. 6121(5)(A).) 6127 - 6133. For example, a full-time employee could work four 10-hour days instead of five 8-hour days. of alternative work schedules (AWS) which include Compressed Work Schedules (CWS) and Flexible Work Schedules (FWS). Overtime costs are reduced. 6101 note) in existence on the date of enactment of this Act [July 23, 1982] shall be continued by the agency concerned. Our circumstances can change in our everyday lives, and when this happens, other things need to change around us.A request letter can be a useful piece of paper to make life easier when those changes happen.. You may have an ill relative who needs to be looked after, or you might need to change your work schedule to take your children to an extra curricular activity. Of the performance-based studies, nearly all involve comparisons of 8-h and 12-h shift schedules. Some types of compressed schedules, such as 80 hours over 9 days, may present a challenge to supervisors of non-exempt staff members, since overtime must be paid to non-exempt staff members who work more than 40 hours in a given week. There are two categories of AWS: flexible work schedules (FWS) and … Compressed schedules allow employees the same number of full-time hours in fewer work days. experiment with flexible and compressed work k'cedules. (1) 72/80 Work Schedule. Alert box notification is currently enabled, please, follow this link to enable alert boxes for your profile, follow this link to disable alert boxes for your profile, Classifying Federal Wage System Positions, Fact Sheet: Additional Guidance in Connection with the COVID-19 Emergency, Frequently Asked Questions on Evacuation Payments During a Pandemic Health Crisis, Federal Workforce Priorities Report (FWPR), Federal Labor-Management Information System, Recruitment, Relocation & Retention Incentives, 5 U.S.C. John wanted to find a way to integrate more personal time into his life while continuing to meet his responsibilities at work. For employees in a bargaining unit: The agency must successfully negotiate a CWS program with the union for a represented group of employees prior to implementation (5 U.S.C. Two teams are required, with each team working 10 hours a day for 4 straight days. For example, for a total of 70 hours over two weeks of work, 40 hours one week and 30 hours the next would require a non-exempt staff member to receive different pay for each week of work. Compensatory time off may not be approved for any member of the Senior Executive Service (SES). The four-day work week is a method where the five days working schedule is compressed into four days module by adding an extra two hours of compensation in every working day. One perk that may help attract and keep top talent is the flexibility to work a compressed work schedule. “The core hours of our organization are 10 to two, so you try to keep to those core hours, but I have some employees on my team that work additional hours every day to allow them to take every second Friday off. An employee may request to be excluded for a personal hardship. It would be very difficult to work out varying pay amounts weekly to respond to alternating work schedules to accommodate this arrangement. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) does not address flexible work schedules. It just means instead of working 8-9 hours every day the employee has to work 10-11 hours a … Under some policies, employees must work a prescribed number of hours a pay period and be present during a daily "core time." Compressed work weeks can improve work area coverage and extend the hours of service to internal and external customers. Compressed work schedules are a growing trend as companies attempt to cut cost in new areas, such as lighting, heating and cooling costs. Individuals may be required to be at the office at specified times or on specified days for meetings or other important activities. Box 90496 In the event the President issues an Executive order granting a "half-day" holiday, full-time CWS employees are normally excused from work during the last half of their "basic work requirement" (i.e., nonovertime hours) on that day. Staff members may find it difficult to arrange dependent care or transportation around the longer workday. Staff members working compressed work weeks may be more productive during the hours outside of the traditional workday, when fewer staff members are present. A compressed work schedule allows an employee to work a traditional 35-40 hour workweek in less than five workdays. A part-time employee works fewer than 80 hours in a biweekly pay period. There are two categories of AWS: flexible work schedules (FWS) and compressed work schedules (CWS). In some areas, commutes of more than an hour each way are not uncommon. A flexible schedule includes a variety of options, all involving certain core hours during which everyone must be present, coupled with flexible arrival and departure times. It may be a challenge to sustain morale among staff members who work long days but do not have the opportunity to work a compressed work week. This work must be scheduled for fewer than 10 days in a biweekly pay period. For instance, the employee could work four 10-hour days and have three days off. Another possible option is working 80 hours in nine days and having the rest of the two weeks off. The Compressed Workweek: Dream vs. with compressed work schedules have, until recently, received less attention. Durham, NC 27705 Many people have the option of working a flexible schedule which allows them to miss that rough commute to work. Sunday premium pay is paid for nonovertime work performed by full-time employees. In an early exception, Volle, et al. Nine months part-time with three months off duty within a fiscal year, Advatages noted for compressed schedules were increased productivity, better employee mcrale, and reduced short-term leave use. An employee on a Compressed Work Schedule (CWS) may request compensatory time off only for the performance of irregular or occasional overtime work. This shift pattern supports the standard 4/10 compressed work schedule. On holidays, an employee is normally excused from work and entitled to basic pay for the number of hours of his or her CWS on that day. Description. Compressed Work Schedules. For full-time employees, all hours worked in excess of the established compressed work schedule are overtime hours. Still, others will work remotely, telecommuting from home. (See 5 U.S.C. A work schedule in which employees work more than 8 hours per day and fewer than 5 days per week (e.g., a work week of four ten- hour days.) Additionally, the Department of Labor and Duke payroll practices dictate that pay be received in the period in which the work is performed. Much longer than normal hours three days per week and no work during two traditional work days each week. 705 Broad St. Another popular option is a nine day/two week work arrangement, which allows for two weeks of work to be compressed into nine or nine and a half days of work. The normal premium pay rules apply for night pay. It, however, is not designed to review every scenario that may occur under an AWS or other scheduling options under 5 U.S.C. (3) Four day, 10 hour Compressed Work Schedule (i) The 4-day, 10 hour work schedule is reserved for only those Compressed patterns include 4/10, 9/80, 3/12 work schedules and may require a one or two week work period. A compressed work schedule allows an employee to work a traditional 35-40 hour workweek in less than the traditional number of workdays. An agency may implement for its employees an alternative work schedule (AWS) instead of traditional fixed work schedules (e.g., 8 hours per day, 40 hours per week). 6101. 4/9 compressed work schedule. Credit Hours: Those hours within a flexible work schedule that an employee elects to work in excess of his or her basic work requirement so as to vary the length of a workweek or workday. “In our case, flexible work arrangements are a compressed work week,” says Charlie Guy, chief people officer at World Vision Canada. Overtime pay is calculated at the rate of 1½ times the staff member's regular rate of pay. For a thirty-five (35) hour per week position, eleven 2 (plus one hour for lunch) hours per day Monday and Tuesday, a twelve hour day (plus one hour for lunch) on Wednesday. 6120 - 6121; and 5 U.S.C. 3. For an employee on a CWS, Sunday premium pay is paid for the entire nonovertime regularly scheduled tour of duty that begins or ends on Sunday. Many compressed work schedule options may be negotiated. Staff members working compressed work weeks may spend less time commuting during a given week. A compressed work schedule allows an employee to work a full-time schedule in fewer than five workdays each week. (See fact sheet on "Flexible Work Schedules."). As in any flexible work arrangement, individuals working under a flexplace arrangement are still expected to manage the workload at the same quality level as before the arrangement was established. Alternative work schedules improve morale and reduce stress. Finding the right balance between your work life and the demands of home is a daily challenge for many working adults, particularly those with children or an ailing family member at home. For employees not in a bargaining unit: The agency must secure a favorable vote from the majority of employees in the affected group before implementing a CWS program (5 U.S.C. Compressed Work Week : A work schedule that enables full-time employees to work the equivalent of a full week in less than 5 days or for employees on biweekly pay … A compressed work schedule allows an employee to work a traditional 35-40 hour workweek in less than five workdays. A compressed work schedule (CWS) is a fixed schedule that has no flexibility. (1979), reported that factory employees on the 10-h versus 8-h schedule did not differ significantly Within rules established by the agency, AWS can enable employees to have work schedules that help the employee balance work and family responsibilities. At all other times, if the type of wo… Recruitment is enhanced, particularly for those employees who might not be available for a traditional work schedule. If you are using assistive technology to view web content, please ensure your settings allow for the page content to update after initial load (this is sometimes called "forms mode"). This website uses features which update page content based on user actions. 6121(1), may be covered by a CWS. A compressed work schedule allows employees to work a … It allows employees to vary their arrival and/or departure times. A flexible work schedule is an alternative to the traditional 9 to 5, 40-hour work week. Note: The nine day/two week option can be difficult to arrange for non-exempt staff members. In a flexplace arrangement, workers are given the option of spending all or part of a day, a week or month working at home or at an alternate work location. Working a compressed work schedule permits John to work four 10-hour days, giving him an extra day off during the workweek to handle responsibilities he has outside of the workplace. Notes: Additionally, if you are using assistive technology and would like to be notified of items via alert boxes, please, This website uses features which update page content based on user actions. Duke Payroll practices require non-exempt staff that agree to a compressed work week arrangement to be paid overtime based on all hours over 40 in a workweek. For example, if you move to a compressed work week where you are only working four days each week, your ten-day vacation allowance would become an eight-day vacation allowance. 4/10 Compressed Work Schedule. An employee’s supervisor must indicate the employee is eligible to use credit hours in advance. Reality A Federal employee, as defined in section 2105(a) or (c) of title 5, United States Code, who is employed by an agency, as defined in 5 U.S.C. Somewhat longer than normal hours four days per week an… CWS are fixed work schedules, but they enable full-time employees to complete the basic 80-hour biweekly work requirement in less than 10 workdays. Duke Human Resources Contribute to lower absenteeism and higher productivity. Possible work setups that employers and their employees may consider are: compressed workweek, reduction of workdays within six months, rotation of workers, forced leave, broken-time schedule, or flexi-holidays. Six regularly scheduled 12-hour tours of duty [ ] within a pay period that is considered for all purposes to be a full 80 hour pay period. If these employees are allowed to work from home, that saves two hours of time, gas, and wear and tear on the road. Phone: (919) 684-5600 For example, a full-time employee scheduled for 40 hours per week could work four 10-hour days instead of five 8-hour days. • flexibility in the amount of hours worked (e.g., reduced hours schedule, job shares, part-year work), and • flexibility in the place of work (e.g., telework, work at home). This option is more easily applied to non-exempt (bi-weekly paid) staff for whom maximum work hours are identified, but it is not ruled out for monthly paid staff who may work more than 40 hours during the work week. For a 40-hour per week position: ten hour days (plus one hour each day for lunch) Monday through Thursday with Friday off. See 5 CFR 550.121 and 122 for General Schedule employees and 5 CFR 532.505 for prevailing rate employees. Within rules established by the agency, AWS can enable employees to have work schedules that help the employee balance work and family responsibilities. Employers are also required to notify their DOLE Regional Office prior to the imposition of any flexible work arrangements. For example, a full-time employee could work four 10-hour days instead of five 8-hour days be available a... One perk that may occur under an AWS or other important activities not address flexible work schedules. ). Paid for periods of nonwork, including leave, holidays, and excused absence hours days. While team 2 works Tuesday to Friday possible option is working 80 hours in biweekly. It allows employees to complete the basic 80-hour biweekly work requirement in less than five workdays of:. On `` flexible work schedules. `` ) to notify their DOLE Regional office prior to the traditional of... Night pay hour each way are not permitted under a CWS pay period a... At work leave must be taken if work is performed around the longer workday may be physically and draining! … compressed work schedules. `` ) flexibility to work a compressed workweek enables... More personal time into his life while continuing to meet his responsibilities at work indicate employee. 33 non-Federal organizations contacted by GO was the 4-day, 40-hcur wcrkweek possible! Not address flexible work arrangements based on user actions employee scheduled for 40 hours per week and no during. Holidays, and excused absence schedule are overtime hours, the employee could work four 10-hour instead. Rest of the Senior Executive Service ( SES ) work week ( 919 ) 684-5600 have questions one two. Aws or other important activities justification for compressed work schedule schedule that has no flexibility be difficult to arrange dependent care or around... Be covered by a CWS program, including leave, holidays, and excused.! Schedule could be beneficial for him less attention eligible to use credit hours in advance members! Schedule that has no flexibility that enables them to work a full-time could..., 40-hour work week enable full-time employees be difficult to arrange for non-exempt staff members may find it difficult arrange... Advatages noted for compressed schedules were increased productivity, better employee mcrale and... Does not address flexible work schedules. `` ) work period an alternative to imposition... All hours worked in excess of the two weeks off any member of the Senior Executive Service ( )... Workdays each week review every scenario that may help attract and keep top talent the! And may require a one or two week work period time into his while... And/Or departure times more than an hour each way are not permitted a... Established by the agency, AWS can enable employees to have work schedules. `` ) 4/10,,... 122 for General schedule employees and 5 CFR 532.505 for prevailing rate employees approved... Website uses features which update page content based on user actions is enhanced, particularly for those employees who not... Rules apply for night pay his responsibilities at work 's regular rate of 1½ times the member. Scheduling options under 5 U.S.C work 80 hours in a biweekly pay period two weeks.... Fair Labor Standards Act ( FLSA ) does not address flexible work arrangements ( CWS is... Instance, the Department of Labor and Duke payroll practices dictate that pay be received in the period which! Four 10-hour days instead of five 8-hour days traditional 9 to 5, 40-hour week. Of any flexible work schedules, but they enable full-time employees to have work schedules. )... Two week work period work 80 hours in fewer work days but they enable full-time employees, all worked... It, however, is not designed to review every scenario that may help attract keep... Early exception, Volle, et al his responsibilities at work ( 1 ) may! Is working 80 hours in fewer work days each week traditional 9 to 5, 40-hour week!, including leave, holidays, and excused absence will work remotely, telecommuting from home and having rest! Of 8-h and 12-h shift schedules. `` ) among 33 non-Federal organizations contacted GO. Nc 27705 Phone: ( 919 ) 684-5600 have questions shift schedules. ``.... Monday to Thursday while team 2 works Tuesday to Friday life while continuing to meet responsibilities. Leave must be scheduled for fewer than 80 hours in fewer work days each week 10 hours a for! Any flexible work schedules ( CWS ) it, however, is not accomplished this. The performance-based studies, nearly all involve comparisons of 8-h and 12-h shift schedules. )! Be required to work four 10-hour days instead of five 8-hour days 3/12... And external customers to 5, 40-hour work week excused absence permitted under CWS... Service ( SES ) weekly to respond to alternating work schedules and may require one! 80 hours in fewer than 10 workdays Monday to Thursday while team works! Sheet on `` flexible work schedules ( FWS ) and compressed work weeks spend! Employees the same number of workdays 5 CFR 532.505 for prevailing rate.... Are fixed work schedules ( FWS ) and compressed workweek that enables them to work a compressed schedule! 8-H and 12-h shift schedules. `` ) an employee to work a traditional days. May be required to notify their DOLE Regional office prior to the number. For fewer than 10 workdays an AWS or other important activities established by agency. But they enable full-time employees CWS are fixed work schedules that help employee! By a CWS flexibility to work a full-time employee could work four 10-hour days of. Situation with his supervisor, they agreed that a compressed work schedules ( CWS ) a. Available for a traditional 35-40 hour justification for compressed work schedule in less than the traditional 9 to 5 40-hour... The rest of the established compressed work schedule are overtime hours, commutes of more an. Enable employees to complete the basic 80-hour biweekly work requirement in less than five workdays an to... Straight days hours per week could work four 10-hour days instead of five 8-hour days clearly defined leave... Recruitment is enhanced, particularly for those employees who might not be paid for work... Include 4/10, 9/80, 3/12 work schedules have, until recently, less... 5 CFR 532.505 for prevailing rate employees no work during two traditional work days perk that help. Found among 33 non-Federal organizations contacted by GO was the 4-day, 40-hcur wcrkweek compensatory off!

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